Published On: Fri, Jul 31st, 2015

Save yourself from #Dengue

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This is the season of the dreaded disease dengue. A low-down on the symptoms & cure

 

What is dengue?

 

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It is a disease that occurs when an Aedes mosquito carrying the arbovirus bites a person. The mosquito bites during the day time

 

Symptoms

 

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High fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, rashes similar to measles, gum bleeding, abdominal pain and sleepiness are common symptoms of dengue

 

Inside the human system

 

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After entering the human body, the arbovirus multiplies and enter the blood vessels.The vessels swell and leak. Patches of liver tissue dies. As a result, platelets responsible for blood clotting are used up faster.

 

What happens if platelet count falls?

 

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Platelets help clot bleeding in the the human body. A person’s body has a platelet count anywhere between 1.5 and 4 lakhs. In case of dengue, it can even fall to 10,000, resulting in continuous bleeding and risk of dying. Platelets transfusion becomes necessary in that case. Else it can be life threatening.

 

Figures say it all

 

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In 2013, maximum no. of dengue cases were reported at 75,808 nationally. In 2014, it stood at 40,571
So far 5,874 cases have been noticed in first half of the year. Previous years’ data paint a grim picture

2009 15,535 cases
2010 28,292 cases
2011 18,860 cases
2012 50,222 cases

Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

 

Unreported cases

 

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According to the research carried out between 2009 and 2012 by American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, the official figures of dengue are an underestimation
5.8 mn Indians suffer from dengue every year
$1.1 bn Cost of fighting every year in India

 

Cure

 

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There is no vaccine developed for treating this illness. The patient has to drink lots of fluids; use of mosquito repellents and draining out any standing water is advised. Generally, the illness subsides with pain-and fever-relief medicines

About the Author

Syed Ammar Alavi

- is Lahore (Pakistan) based journalist & writer with 25-year experience in print, wire and broadcast forms of journalism. His major fields of interest are politics, film,tv,sports, climate change and technology