Published On: Thu, Feb 25th, 2016

How to deal with heart attack



Since the rates of a heart attack are increased it is compulsory for everyone to know its staring symptoms and the remedies which can be given within few minutes because immediate medical assistance typically within an hour of the attack enhances the patient’s chances of survival by three times.

Mostly heart attacks are accrued because of a blood clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries. These coronary arteries bring blood and oxygen to the heart and if the blood flow is blocked, the heart is lacking oxygen and heart cells die.

It is the best way to take the patient to the hospital within an hour when symptoms start.

Here are some symptoms which can determine about a heart attack and what to do next, the patient may not essentially experience all of the following:

  1. Abruptly feels dim or faint
  2. Severe chest pain (persistent and vice-like, spreading up to the jaw and down one or both arms) that doesn’t settle when the patient rests
  3. Uneasiness elevated in the tummy (may feel such as severe indigestion)
  4. Breathlessness (patient may be breathless for air)
  5. Terror (feels a looming sense of doom)
  6. Pale, grey, sticky, or sweaty skin
  7. Fast, feeble, and uneven pulse
  8. Fall down, frequently without warning
  9. Probable failure of consciousness

Here what you have to do next if the patient is in conscious

  1. Ease strain on the heart

First provide the patient comfort by keeping in half-sitting position and loosen the clothes from the neck, chest and waist.

  1. Call for emergency medical assistance

Keep away crowd across the patient.

  1. Give angina medication

Provide him angina medication by keeping him tranquil and persuade him to take rest.

  1. Give aspirin

Provide the patient a full-dose (300 mg) of aspirin tablet if he is in full senses. Ask him for chewing it gradually because in this way it will dissolve and absorb into the bloodstream rapidly while reaching the stomach.

Aspirin assists in breaking down blood clots, reducing muscle harm all through a heart attack.

  1. Monitor patient

Frequently monitor and notice consciousness, breathing, and pulse.

If the patient is unconscious then try these

  1. Open airway

Notice the breathing and get ready to start CPR

  1. Use an AED (automated external defibrillator)

AEDs carry an alarm to accurate an irregular heart beat named ventricular fibrillation, which is the reason for a few heart attacks.

  1. Wait for emergency medical assistance

Electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood tests will diagnose it properly. Higher concern may involve a wait in the severe care unit and healing with drugs or even surgery. The purpose is to lessen pain, revive blood delivery to the injured heart muscle, and avoid difficulties.

About the Author

Sidra Muntaha

- Sidra Tul Muntaha is a journalist (MA-Mass Communication and M.Phil in Mass Communication) based in Lahore. She is working as an editor at fashion, style and entertainment in the section of the Kooza. She writes fashion and entertainment articles for The Kooza News.