Published On: Sat, May 21st, 2016

Long-term use of antibiotics can affect brain

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Medicine

Medicine

A new research study has shared that treatment including the long-term use of antibiotics has the possibility to disturb brain functions, the research further discovered that healthy gut bacteria is critical to making the mind sharp.

A particular type of immune cell works as a mediator amid gut bacteria and the brain, illustrated the results that could furthermore assist to enhance the symptoms of mental disorders.

The gut and the brain “talk” to one another by hormones, metabolic products or direct neural links.

In this research study, the researchers shut down the gut microbiome in mice, that is their intestinal bacteria, with a powerful mixture of antibiotics. Contrasted to the mice that had not undergone cure, they afterward noted considerably some lately shaped nerve cells in the hippocampus area of the brain.

The reminiscence of the treated mice furthermore weak as the structure of these novel brain cells – a procedure recognized as neurogenesis – is imperative for particular memory functions.

In addition to damaged neurogenesis, the researchers also discovered that the populace of a particular immune cell in the brain – the Ly6C (hi) monocytes – reduced considerably when the microbiota was turned off.

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Useful on humans, the results do not illustrate that all antibiotics disturb brain function, as the mixture of drugs employed in the research study were enormously strong.

Susanne Wolf, who is the lead researcher from Max Delbruck Centre for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association, Berlin, Germany, stated that “It is possible, however, that similar effects could result from treatments involving long-term use of antibiotics”,

The results were presented in the journal Cell Reports.

The research team also discovered that the antibiotics can influence neurogenesis straightforwardly, and not act just through the gut bacteria.

Wolf further stated that “The new study is also of significance for treating people with mental disorders such as schizophrenia or depression, who also have impaired neurogenesis”,

Wolf continued as “In addition to medication and physical exercise, these patients could potentially also benefit from probiotic preparations,”

About the Author

Sidra Muntaha

- Sidra Tul Muntaha is a journalist (MA-Mass Communication and M.Phil in Mass Communication) based in Lahore. She is working as an editor at fashion, style and entertainment in the section of the Kooza. She writes fashion and entertainment articles for The Kooza News.