Published On: Wed, Aug 3rd, 2016

Panama seeks to punish countries that blacklist it as ‘tax haven’

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Panama seeks to punish countries that blacklist it as ‘tax haven’

PANAMA CITY: The government of Panama on Tuesday announced a bill that would take a range of steps against countries that put it on their blacklists of “tax havens” in the wake of the Panama Papers revelations.

The legislation would impose tax, trade and migration measures on companies or individuals from those countries that “engage in practices that discriminate or imply damage to economic interests” of Panama, a statement said.

The move could be directed at France, which put Panama back on its national blacklist of tax havens in April following the Panama Papers reports, which showed how some of the world’s wealthy stashed assets in offshore firms created by the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca.

Colombia could also be targeted for keeping tariffs on Panama textile imports despite a World Trade Organization ruling calling for them to be scrapped.

Panama has vowed to improve its fight against money laundering and tax evasion, but has fallen short of regulations the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development wants to see adopted internationally.

The bill will be put to Panama’s Congress for debate and a vote.

Who Are The Pakistanis Listed In Panama Papers?

A number of important Pakistanis have been indicted in the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ)  investigation into offshore companies.

In total the journalists received 11.5 million documents in a leak from Panama-based law firmMossack & Fonseca. A huge number of Pakistanis feature on those lists, and we bring you a round up of the most prominent names.

So far 220 Pakistanis are featured in the list, although the ICIJ says that it will be revealing more files in May.

Pakistani Politicians in Panama Leaks:

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is linked to 9 companies connected to his family name. Those involved are:

  • Hassan Nawaz
  • Hussain Nawaz
  • Maryam Nawaz

Relatives of Punjab Chief Minister and brother of Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif are linked to 7 companies. They are:

  • Samina Durrani
  • Ilyas Mehraj

Now deceased former prime minister Benazir Bhutto was linked to one company. However relatives and associates are linked to others:

  • Nephew Hassan Ali Jaffery
  • Javed Pasha, Close friend of Asif Ali Zardari (4 companies)
  • PPP Senator Rehman Malik (1 company)
  • PPP Senator Osman Saifullah’s family (34 companies)
    • Anwar Saifullah
    • Salim Saifullah
    • Humayun Saifullah
    • Iqbal Saifullah
    • Javed Saifullah
    • Jehangir Saifullah
  • The Chaudharies of Gujrat have not been linked personally but other relatives have including:
    • Waseem Gulzar
  • Zain Sukhera (co-accused with former Prime Minister Yusuf Raza Gilani’s son in the Hajj scandal)

Pakistani Businessmen in Panama Leaks:

  • Real Estate Czar Malik Riaz Hussain’s son (Bahria Town)
    • Ahmad Ali Riaz (1 company)
  • Chairman ABM Group of Companies Azam Sultan (5 companies)
  • Pizza Hut owner Aqeel Hussain and family (1 company)
    • Brother Tanwir Hassan
  • Chairman Soorty Enterprise Abdul Rashid Soorty and family
  • Sultan Ali Allana, Chairman of Habib Bank Limited (1 company)
  • Khawaja Iqbal Hassan, former NIB bank President (1 company)
  • Bashir Ahmed and Javed Shakoor of Buxly Paints (1 company)
  • Mehmood Ahmed of Berger Paints (1 company)
  • Hotel tycoon Sadruddin Hashwani and family (3 companies)
    • Murtaza Haswani
  • Owner of Hilton Pharma, Shehbaz Yasin Malik and family (1 company)
  • The Hussain Dawood family (2 companies)
    • Shahzada Dawood
    • Abdul Samad Dawood
    • Partner Saad Raja
  • The Abdullah family of Sapphire Textiles (5 companies)
    • Yousuf Abdullah and his wife
    • Muhammad Abdullah and his wife
    • Shahid Abdullah and his family
    • Nadeem Abdullah and family
    • Amer Abdullah and family
  • Gul Muhammad Tabba of Lucky Textiles
  • Shahid Nazir, CEO of Masood Textile Mills (1 company)
    • Partner Naziya Nazir
  • Zulfiqar Ali Lakhani, from Lakson Group and owner of Colgate-Palmolive, Tetley Clover and Clover Pakistan (1 company)
  • Zulfiqar Paracha and family of Universal Corporation (1 company)

Pakistani Judges in Panama Leaks:

  • Serving Lahore High Court Judge Justice Farrukh Irfan
  • Retired Judge Malik Qayyum

Pakistani Media personnel in Panama Leaks:

  • Mir Shakil-ur-Rehman of GEO and Jang Group (1 company)

NAB could investigate Pakistanis listed in Panama Papers

According to reports the the National Accountability Bureau (NAB) of Pakistan has started an inquiry into the involvement of Pakistanis in the ownership of offshore companies. A full investigation may still happen after a discussion between top NAB officials.

While owning an offshore company isn’t illegal in itself, the practice is commonly linked to tax evasion and fraud. The law firm involved in the leak has clients from around the world, including people linked to Russian President Vladimir Putin, Argentinian President Mauricio Macri and football star Lionel Messi.

The documents reveal how world figures use a series of shell companies to obscure the trail of their money and avoid paying national taxes. The techniques are also linked to money laundering for drug smugglers and other criminal groups.

Effects already being felt

The fallout from the scandal has the potential to reverberate around the world. The prime minister of Iceland was forced to resign after it was revealed that he had not disclosed the fact that he and his wife owned an offshore company.

In India a huge number of celebrities, businessmen and politicians have also been caught up in the scandal. It is thought that many public figures have used the shell companies in order to avoid paying taxes.

Nations around the world lose billions of dollars in tax revenue due to the existence of tax havens such as Panama. There have been growing calls to clampdown on the practice and a video of U.S. Democratic presidential hopeful Bernie Sanders has surfaced in which he criticizes the signing of a free trade agreement with Panama.

He says that the agreement facilitates this kind of behavior, which costs the taxpayer millions. In a country like Pakistan where so much money needs to be invested in infrastructure and other programs in order to alleviate poverty, it is a scandal that so many people are effectively stealing money from their countrymen.

While it should come as no surprise that rich people try to hold on to their money, the leaks provide hope that the flagrant tax dodging could come to an end.

UPDATE 5/9/2016 1:PM ET: (NEW LIST OF PAKISTANIS NAMED IN PANAMA PAPERS LEAK)

Here are the key people named in the new list:

  • Zulfikar Abbas Bokhari: A close aide of Imran Khan. Bokhari owns six offshore companies along with his two sisters. He was smart enough not to give his Pakistani address while incorporating any of the six companies. But one of his sisters had given the address of Islamabad. Zulfi Bokhari’s father was a minister in the interim government in 2008.
  • Wamiq Zuberi & Rukhsana Zuberi: Zuberi of Business Recorder and his wife Rukhsana Zuberi (former PPP senator) have also invested in an offshore entity. Wamiq acknowledged that the company was owned by an unnamed person who was killed in Islamabad. The couple stopped investing after they were defrauded.
  • Irfan Iqbal Puri: He has strong ties with Altaf Hussain and Asif Ali Zardari. Puri is the owner of three offshore entities named in the Panama Papers. At one point, he had claimed that he was the business partner of Zardari. He had also reportedly submitted surety bonds of one million pounds for the MQM chief Altaf Hussain’s bail.
  • Naseer Khan: Naseer is the former health minister in Shaukat Aziz government. He along with his son Muhammad Jibran and his brother Zaffarullah Khan owns Atwood Investments Limited.
  • Abdul Sattar Dero: The NRO beneficiary and former MD Port Qasim Authority owns two offshore companies: Destiny Investment Development Limited and Simkins International Limited. Abdul Sattar Dero has close ties with the Zardari family.
  • Saba Obaid: She is the mother of Oscar-winning filmmaker Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy. Saba Obaid owns three offshore companies: Belize Group, Bella Holding Group, and Fabrics International Services Limited. Documents indicate that Fabrics International was established to “receive commission from a toweling/fabric factory in Pakistan.” Notably, Saba Obaid owns a Karachi-based textiles company called Towellers Limited.
  • Mehreen Akbar: The wife of Ghous Akbar owns shares in four offshore companies: Mark Investment Limited, IMM Gulf Limited, Indigo Properties Limited and Zarmay Investments Ltd. All the four companies are based in Seychelles. Mehreen’s sisters Mahim and Irum are also shareholders in these entities. Ghous Akbar told media that he had nothing to do with any of these companies.
  • Valliani family: Fawaz Valliani, his sister Zehra Valliani and their mother Sameena Valliani have been linked with four companies: Emirates Commerce Limited, Ikogenia Trust, European American Investments Limited, and Polenta Capital. Zehra told media that her brother Fawaz might have formed these entities without her and her mother’s consent.
  • Munir Monnoo: The chief of Olympia International along with his son Humayun has set up a company called Clifton Holdings Services Incorporated. Documents suggest that the company’s nature of business is to open accounts in Swiss banks.
  • Shaukat Ahmed: The former president of Karachi Chamber of Commerce has been identified as the owner of Seychelles-based Global Link Properties. Other shareholders of the company include Shaukat’s son Imran Shaukat and daughter-in-law. Imran Shaukat is also one of the beneficiary shareholders of Emirates International Holdings Ltd.
  •  Sajid Mahmood: He is the son of Seth Abid Ali of Lahore. Sajid is the owner of Mossgreen Limited, which is based in the British Virgin Islands. Other shareholders include Ajaz Mahmood, Bushra Azad, and Akbar Mahmood. The family runs more than a dozen companies in Pakistan.
  • Tariq Islam: A cousin of former PM Benazir Bhutto, Islam is the owner of Link Investments Limited.

A lot more names are likely to be revealed at 18:00 GMT on 5-9-2016, said ICIJ. The upcoming searchable online database will allow people to go through the original documents of Mossack Fonseca to see the owners of offshore companies. However, the ICIJ will not provide personal details of owners such as passport numbers, email addresses, and phone numbers.

UPDATE 5-9-2016 2:15 PM ET: Below is the full list of people from Pakistan (259 in total)

MEHBOOB AHMED SHEIKH Pakistan Panama Papers
MAHIN HASIB Pakistan Panama Papers
Saleem Mohyud Din Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr. Muhammad Farooq Naseem Pakistan Panama Papers
Mahin Hasib Pakistan Panama Papers
Mohamed Ashraf Abouldahab Pakistan Panama Papers
Saleem Mohyuddin Pakistan Panama Papers
SAAD ALI Pakistan Panama Papers
ZAHID RAFIQ Pakistan Panama Papers
JAVED AHMAD Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAMAILA NASIR Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAMS NASIR PIRZADA Pakistan Panama Papers
Humayun S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
HUSSAIN DAWOOD Pakistan Panama Papers
MARIAM ZUBAIR KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
AQUEELA MUMTAZ Pakistan Panama Papers
Sheikh Maqbool Ahmad Pakistan Panama Papers
Syed Muhammad Ali Pakistan Panama Papers
IMRAN ALI SHER ALI HUSSAIN ALI Pakistan Panama Papers
Navaid Malik Pakistan Panama Papers
Khalid Hussain Pakistan Panama Papers
Irum Hasib Pakistan Panama Papers
JEHAMGIR S KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Sheerin Shahid Pakistan Panama Papers
Shahid Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Shayan Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Nosheen Riaz Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Waseem Khalida Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Mohammand Yousuf Ahmed Pakistan Panama Papers
Salma Yousuf Pakistan Panama Papers
ZULFIQAR PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
ARIF AZIZ Pakistan Panama Papers
Yousef Abduallah Pakistan Panama Papers
Usma Yousef Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAHID RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
NARGIS RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
ZAHID RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
SYEDA ZHEELAN ZAHID Pakistan Panama Papers
MEHREEN AKBAR Pakistan Panama Papers
ASAD MAHMOOD ALI Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr. J T Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr. Jawaid Tariq Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
ABDUL RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
NARGIS SHAHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAHID RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
ABIDA ZULFIQAR Pakistan Panama Papers
ABDUL RASHID SOORTY Pakistan Panama Papers
PIR ALI GOHAR S/O PIR ABDUL KADIR Pakistan Panama Papers
MR. MOHAMED ZAFFRULLAH KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Shahid Shafiq Pakistan Panama Papers
Ahsan Shafiq Pakistan Panama Papers
Amir Shafiq Pakistan Panama Papers
Shehzad Shafiq Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAN FAISAL Pakistan Panama Papers
YOUSUF JAN MOHAMMAD Pakistan Panama Papers
Aftab Lakhany Pakistan Panama Papers
Jawed Lakhani Pakistan Panama Papers
RAAZIA AJMAL Pakistan Panama Papers
RAAZIA AJMAL Pakistan Panama Papers
Humayun Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
ULLAH ZAHIR Pakistan Panama Papers
Iqbal Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
MIR SHAKIL UR RAHMAN Pakistan Panama Papers
MR. FEROZE SAYEEDUD DEANE Pakistan Panama Papers
MAYA INAYAT ISMAIL Pakistan Panama Papers
ABDUL SAMAD DAWOOD Pakistan Panama Papers
YOUNUS ZAKARIA TABANI Pakistan Panama Papers
RUKHSANA CHAUDHRY TABANI Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAZADA DAWOOD Pakistan Panama Papers
SARA ADNAN PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
IQBAL S. KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Syed Mahmood Ahmed Pakistan Panama Papers
SYEDA SAKINA BUKHARI Pakistan Panama Papers
Ijaz Rashid Pakistan Panama Papers
Zain Iftikhar Sukhera Pakistan Panama Papers
Abid Ahmad Khan Bhatti Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
Mehreen Akbar Pakistan Panama Papers
Shahid Iqbal Pakistan Panama Papers
Rubina Haider Pakistan Panama Papers
Riaz Haider Pakistan Panama Papers
Imitiaz Majeed Pakistan Panama Papers
Javed S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Shamshad Begum Pakistan Panama Papers
AMBAREEN AMER Pakistan Panama Papers
RUBINA RIAZ Pakistan Panama Papers
Usma Yousef Pakistan Panama Papers
JEHANGIR SAIFULLAH KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Yousef Abduallah Pakistan Panama Papers
ABIDA ZULFIQAR Pakistan Panama Papers
ZULFIQAR PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAMALIA NASIR Pakistan Panama Papers
Hamid Ullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Fazal Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAMS NASIR PIRZADA Pakistan Panama Papers
UMER AZIZ Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr Humayun S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
MEHR E AZAM Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
SADAF Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
AYAZ THAVER Pakistan Panama Papers
GULNOOR AYAZ THAVER Pakistan Panama Papers
OSMAN KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Aqueel Hassan Pakistan Panama Papers
NAEEM ASLAM CHOWDRY Pakistan Panama Papers
Ali Siddiqui Pakistan Panama Papers
FATIMA WAQAS PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
Muhammad Aly Saifvllah Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
SHAHZAIB AKHTAR Pakistan Panama Papers
Javed S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr Salim S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Samia Roomi Pakistan Panama Papers
Salim Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Chaudhry Muhammad Aslam Pakistan Panama Papers
Shamoon S Aslam Pakistan Panama Papers
Nadeem Ahmed Jeddy Pakistan Panama Papers
NIZAR MOHAMMED Pakistan Panama Papers
NOOR MOHAMMED EBRAHIM Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
SALMAN AHMED TABBA Pakistan Panama Papers
GUL MUHAMMAD TABBA Pakistan Panama Papers
Fazal Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Anwar S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Amer Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Ali Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Ambareen Amer Pakistan Panama Papers
Tanwir Hassan Pakistan Panama Papers
JAVED SAIFULLAH KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr. Anwar S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Osman S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
AZFRAN HASAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Irum Hasib Pakistan Panama Papers
FISSAL ATIQUE Pakistan Panama Papers
Askara Abbasi Pakistan Panama Papers
ATIQUE AHMED1 Pakistan Panama Papers
Javed Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Iqbal Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Anwar Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
ILYAS MEHRAJ Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
Javed Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
Salim Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
MEHREEN MUDDASSIR PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
NADEEM IQBAL SAIGOL Pakistan Panama Papers
HUSSAIN HAJI Pakistan Panama Papers
AZIM MOHAMMAD HAJI Pakistan Panama Papers
Humayun Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Javed S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Hamid Ullah Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr. Anwar S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
Mr Iqbal S Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
The Bearer Pakistan Panama Papers
Anwar Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
IRSHAD ALI MIAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Waseem Gulzar Chaudhry Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
THE BEARER Pakistan Panama Papers
Mehreen Akbar Pakistan Panama Papers
Musa Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
HANIF MUHAMMAD Pakistan Panama Papers
Jehangir Khan Pakistan Panama Papers
JEHANGIR SAIFULLAH KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
FAISAL FARID Pakistan Panama Papers
MUHAMMAD IQBAL Pakistan Panama Papers
Nadeem Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Noshaba Nadeem Pakistan Panama Papers
Nabeel Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Mahin Hasib Pakistan Panama Papers
IRFAN PURI Pakistan Panama Papers
MR ATIQUE AHMED Pakistan Panama Papers
Mahin Hasib Pakistan Panama Papers
Mohammad Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Shamshad Begum Pakistan Panama Papers
JEHANGIR SAIFULLAH KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
Muhammad Shoaib Pakistan Panama Papers
Samina Durrani Pakistan Panama Papers
Samina Durrani Pakistan Panama Papers
Mehreen Akbar Pakistan Panama Papers
MAJID AHMAD KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
MR. MOHAMMAD SHAUKAT Pakistan Panama Papers
HABIB AHMAD Pakistan Panama Papers
OSMAN S KHAN Pakistan Panama Papers
SABAHAT ZAHID Pakistan Panama Papers
KHALID HUSSAIN Pakistan Panama Papers
IJAZ RASHID Pakistan Panama Papers
Shahid Abdullah Pakistan Panama Papers
Saba Obaid. Pakistan Panama Papers
FATIMA WAQAS PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
AMER ABDULLAH Pakistan Panama Papers
RIAZ HAIDER ALI Pakistan Panama Papers
Irshad Ali Mian Pakistan Panama Papers
MEHREEN MUDDASSIR PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
MOHAMMAD ABDULLAH Pakistan Panama Papers
SARA ADNAN PARACHA Pakistan Panama Papers
Dr. Kamran Kamal Pakistan Panama Papers
SADAF Pakistan Panama Papers
ALI ABDULLAH Pakistan Panama Papers
Muhammad Haroon Mahmood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Mohammad Azam Ali Pakistan Offshore Leaks
ROMANA SHER ZAMAN LODHI Pakistan Offshore Leaks
KHAN Amir Saleem Anwar Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Bashir Dawood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Mariyam Dawood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Fatima Taqi Pakistan Offshore Leaks
MUHAMMAD BAKAR GOKAL Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Rashda Tariq Pakistan Offshore Leaks
KHALIQ UZ ZAMAN KHAN LODHI Pakistan Offshore Leaks
AMINA BAKAR GOKAL Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Amynah Adil Jaffer Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Maryam Adil Jaffer Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Farah Dawood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Muhammad Talha Mahmood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Tasneem Tanveer Awan Pakistan Offshore Leaks
KHAN Nasir Saleem Anwar Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Ambreen Haroon Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Tanveer Sultan Awan Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Abdul Kader Jaffer Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Moonis Elahi Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Ali Naqi Taqi Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Tariq Salam Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Amin Mohammed Lakhani Pakistan Offshore Leaks
SAJJAD BAKAR GOKAL Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Mr. Nazim Fida Hussein Haji Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Mr. Amer N. Haji Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Mr. Adil N. Haji Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Maha Abedi Dadabhoy Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Naveed Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Peter MCDIARMID Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Imran Riaz Pakistan Offshore Leaks
MARIAM BAKAR GOKAL Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Ismathunissa Mumtaz Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Omer Adil Jaffer Pakistan Offshore Leaks
KHAN Tahir Saleem Anwar Pakistan Offshore Leaks
Bashir Dawood,Mariyam Dawood&Farah Dawood Pakistan Offshore Leaks
FAUZIA BAKAR GOKAL Pakistan Offshore Leaks
IFTIKHAR AHMED ZAHID Pakistan Offshore Leaks

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About the Author

Syed Ammar Alavi

- is Lahore (Pakistan) based journalist & writer with 25-year experience in print, wire and broadcast forms of journalism. His major fields of interest are politics, film,tv,sports, climate change and technology

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