Published On: Mon, Apr 11th, 2016

Smoking can be a reason for vision loss in patients

Breathing smoke out


Eye-related diseases are common now and ophthalmologists are of the view that smoking is rising as one of the main causes behind vision-loss amid patients. Though, just 10-20 percent people know about this fact.

The doctors have said that numerous studies have illustrated that smoking elevates the jeopardy of age-related macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and dry eye syndrome.

Mahipal S. Sachdev, who is a chairperson and managing director of city-based Centre For Sight, have stated that “One way to reduce the risk of developing Age related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is by not smoking. Smokers are three to four times more likely to develop AMD than non-smokers. Non-smokers living with smokers almost double their risk of developing AMD,”

Macular degeneration is a reason for the loss in the core of the field of vision. In dry macular degeneration, the core of the retina declines. With wet macular degeneration, leaky blood vessels develop below the retina. Explaining more, he stated: “AMD starts as a loss of core vision which makes it hard to read and see fine details. Ultimately, vision loss boosts considerably.

Sachdev stated vision loss because of smoking does not have any signs such as numerous other eye diseases, but a dilated exam can identify eye diseases in their early stages prior to vision loss happens. A few other kinds of eye-related issues become by extreme smoking involve cataract and glaucoma.

Sachdev added that  “People who smoke in excess like 10 cigarettes a day have up to three times the risk of cataract as non-smokers. Similarly, there is a strong nexus between glaucoma and smoking,” Discussing regarding avoidance, Ritika Sachdev, a Delhi-based opthalmologist, told there is a requirement for special wakefulness amid people regarding the powerful connection amid smoking and vision loss.

Ritika further added that “First of all, it is important for people to either quit smoking or bring down its consumption. Not just lungs and throat but the eye nerves too get damaged in the entire process,” The doctor stated that it is time to seek professional assistance if any smoker discovers that straight lines become wavy, faded or blurred vision, or nuisance seeing things from the aloofness, or faces or words on a page or regular water dripping from eyes.

She continued, “One of the major areas that require to be highlighted for all smokers includes eating healthy. Protecting eyes starts with a healthy balanced diet. Nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related vision problems such as macular degeneration and cataract due to smoking,”


About the Author

Sidra Muntaha

- Sidra Tul Muntaha is a journalist (MA-Mass Communication and M.Phil in Mass Communication) based in Lahore. She is working as an editor at fashion, style and entertainment in the section of the Kooza. She writes fashion and entertainment articles for The Kooza News.