Today marks the 9th death anniversary of Hrishikesh Mukherjee, the master story teller of Indian Cinema.43 views
One director who is known for his great films based on middle class urban society is Hrishikesh Mukherjee. He is one of India’s most loved and respected filmmakers who bridged the gap between sensible and popular cinema. His films connected with the masses and sated the critics too. He has left behind some of the greatest classics of Indian cinema.
Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s films shunned any form of violence and crime and were untouched with glamour which are the basic ingredients of most Indian Films. He proved beyond doubt that a director could make a series of hit movies without masala formulas. His films were based on comedies arising from real life situations, touching human relations, had a simple plot and carved out a middle path. Very few Directors apart from Hrishikesh Mukherjee can be attributed to really understand the middle class and highlight their problems, values through their movies.
Hrishikesh Mukherjee made his directorial debut through “Musafir” in 1957 which could not taste success at box-office. His next film Anari (1959), starring Raj Kapoor and Nutan, won him critical acclaim and the film won five filmfare awards. His next film Anuradha (1960) earned him much success. This film also won the National Film Award for Best Film.
Some of this later films like Asli-Naqli (1962), Anupama (1966), Aashirwad (1968), Satyakam (1969), Guddi (1971), Bawarchi (1972), Mili (1975), Chupke Chupke (1975), Khoobsurat (1980) and Bemisal (1982), got immensely popular and touched the heart of many. In 1970, he made Anand, in which Rajesh Khanna played the role of a cancer patient facing certain death but maintaining the vivacity in life. The character of doctor played by Amitabh Bachchan also won the actor healthy criticism and established him as a successful actor. 1970’s was the golden era for Hrishikesh Mukherjee with hit films like Anand, Abhimaan (1973), Namak Haram(1973), Bawarchi (1972), Golmaal (1979), Chupke Chupke (1975) catapulting him to the ranks of most successful directors.
Many of us today will feel the void of typical Mukherjee films which attempted to bring the real common man in films.