Published On: Thu, Apr 14th, 2016

Wind and Rain Bridges made by Dong people of China



There live Dong people in china who are included in one of the 56 ethnic minority groups in China. The Dong people resides in spread villages in China’s Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces where they are eminent for their customary sweet rice and for their exclusive joinery abilities that they showcase by building stunning wooden coated bridges. The names of these bridges are ‘Wind and Rain Bridges’ as there are pergolas constructed on the bridges that give protection to people from wind and rain. These bridges called as ‘flower bridges’ as well for the reason that of their superb architecture. The day when it is raining, the pergolas on the bridges offer locals an outstanding spot to get together, relax, socialize, exchange ideas, and also entertain.

A Wind and Rain Bridge is usually crafted of the bridge, a tower and a pavilion, where the wood remain the chief constructing material. On the two sides of the bridge, there are fences and sitting material, giving an inactive place for passers-by in the roofed passageway. The overturned eaves, towers and pavilions are adorned with dragon and phoenix statues on the stone berths, with propitious designs of treasure gourds and long life hoists etc. decorating the apex of the bridge. An area of expertise of these bridges is that no nails were ever employed in their building. Relatively, the mastermind Dong carpenters employed groove joints in building members of the bridge to clasp them jointly and pass on the weight to the pier.

The very eminent of these bridges is the Chengyang Bridge in Sanjiang County of Guangxi Province. It was constructed in 1916, and is included in one of the best and the major Wind and Rain Bridges in China. The bridge has two podiums (one at each end of the bridge), three piers, three spans, five pavilions, 19 verandas and three floors. The bridge is 64.4 m elongated, 3.4 m broad and 10.6 m elevated. The piers are created by stone, the higher constructions are mostly wooden, and the roof is coated with tiles. On the two sides of the bridge, elongated stools were established for people to relax.

About the Author

Sidra Muntaha

- Sidra Tul Muntaha is a journalist (MA-Mass Communication and M.Phil in Mass Communication) based in Lahore. She is working as an editor at fashion, style and entertainment in the section of the Kooza. She writes fashion and entertainment articles for The Kooza News.